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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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found itself in the dock during that Friday Debate, his policy which had
forced England to abandon its war aims and to helplessly watch the Soviets
sweep the nations and states one by one into their drag-net. Poland was
the most poignant example., and., although both Churchill and Eden gave
much prominence to the question of territorial compensation (the latter
was careful to make no mention of the Western frontier of Poland)^ the
majority of the speeches made by the members did not hide the fact thai
the most vital issue was that of Poland's independence.* "It is melan-
choly to think," remarked Ivor Thomas (Labour), £c that, after more than
five years of fighting in a war which we entered to defend the independence
of Poland, we should be debating whether Poland is to be a State at all..."
While Alan Graham commented " that at this moment the Polish nation
is in grave danger of extinction ..."
The speakers debated on the relationship between Poland and Russia,,
and not., as the Soviet propaganda tended to present the affair, on the
quarrels between the c Poles from London and those from Lublin,5 The#
House was unanimous in its recognition of one point at least, namely, tteft
the 4 Lublin Committee ' was merely a Soviet puppet operated by jfthe
Kremlin.                                                                                      #
At the end of the Debate Eden gave a tendencious account of the hi|story
of the * Curzon Line/ omitting some of the most important facts5 \iVhich
were in favour of Poland. He did not make it sufficiently clear thay the
decision of the Supreme Council of the principal Allied Powers regarding
the Demarcation Line of December 8, 1919 (which in the summer of 1^20
was to become associated with Lord Curzon's name), referred only to the
territories of the former Russian Empire, that it did not set up a frontier,
and that it reserved Poland's right to the territories east of that line. He
omitted to point out that the extensions of the * Curzon Line J k$ewn as
Lines A and B, referred to the Polish districts which had formed part of
the Habsburg Empire and had never belonged to Russia. Eden recalled
that in the Spring of 1919, the Supreme Council's Commission on Polish
Affairs had worked out a project for settling the future of Eastern Galicia
and had drawn up two alternative frontier lines : Line A, running east of
Przemysl and west of Lwow, was proposed as the boundary between
Poland proper and an autonomous Eastern Gaiicia, which it was hoped
would be set up under the suzerainty of Poland. Line B, farther to the
* A. P. Herbert, M.P., was not it seemed convinced by the Prime Minister's
thoughts on the Fifth Partition of Poland. He took no part in the Debatea but
published on December 17, in the Sunday Graphic^ the following poem which
expressed more than his own personal doubts on the current events.
cc Unreasonable Poles3 why do you falter ?/Be sensibleóbe realistic^ pray./ Yours
are the only frontiers that must alter :/You are the one crusader in the way./Un-
reasonable Poles3 you will be fatter :/Things of the spirit are not your concern./
Oxford and Cambridge do not greatly matter./And you shall have Lough Swilly
in return./Uareasonable Poles5 preserve traditions./In just two centuries, you must
allow,/You've thrice enjoyed benevolent partitions./For Heaven's sake3 why start
to argue now ? "
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